Otorhinolaryngology is the branch of medicine that deals with the health of the structures in the ear, nose and throat. It diagnoses, treats and monitors the pathologies and disorders that can affect them.
The most frequently treated diseases:
- pharyngeal diseases such as tonsillitis, fibropapilloma, palate abnormalities and problems such as night-time apnea and snoring
- Laryngeal diseases, such as paralysis of vocal cords, nodules, polyps, cysts and laryngeal stenosis
- Salivary gland diseases, such as sicoadrenitis and salivary calcification
- Ear disease, such as otitis media, piercing of the eardrum, otoclerosis, dizziness, labyrinth disorders and tinnitus
- Inflammatory nose diseases such as sinusitis, adenoiditis, polyps and hypertrophy of the swollen
- Malformations of the nose and nasal septum
During the first part of the visit, the specialist will collect the most information about the patient’s history and lifestyle (nutrition, smoking, alcohol consumption, physical activity, etc.) and see medical examinations Already performed by the patient.
In the second part of the visit, the specialist will carry out all the examinations that may allow the detection of a pathology:
- Palpation of the neck to exclude the presence of suspected swellings;
- Oral and pharyngeal examination (through laryngoscopy);
- Inspection of the tympanic membrane and external auditory conduit (using an instrument called otoscope);
- Exploration of the inside of the nose and of some structures connected to it, like paranasal cavities and rhinopharyngeal (through renoscopy).